Amino Acids

Amino Acids (AA)





www.arvbiotech.com, Easy Structure of amino acid
Amino acid


Amino acids are derivatives of carboxylic acid in which a hydrogen atom in α-carbon chain is replace by amino group.

Structure of Amino acid

    
                    
                H
               | 
         R -C - COOH
               |
             NH2

Most common example of Amino acid is glycine.


                        H
                         | 
                   H -C - COOH
                         |
                      NH2
   
Glycine→ simplest amino acids.

Amino acid's classification-

1- Based on their structure

A- Aliphatic amino acids

  • Glycine
  • Alanine
  • Valine
  • Leucine
  • Isoleucine  

B- Aromatic amino acids

  • Phenylalanine
  • Tyrosine
  • Tryptophan

2- Sulphur containing

  • Cysteine
  • Methionine

3- (-OH) group containing

  • Serine
  • Threonine

4- Imino acid

  • Proline

5- Basic amino acid

  • Arginine
  • Histidine
  • Lysine

6- Based on Polarity

A- Non-polar Amino acid

  • Alanine
  • Leucine
  • Isoleucine
  • Valine
  • Methionine
  • Proline
  • Phenylamine
  • Tryptophan

B- Polar amino acid

  • Glycine
  • Serine
  • Threonine
  • Glutamine
  • Cysteine
  • Asparagine
  • Tyrosine

www.arvbiotech.com, Amino acid structure, Types of amino acids
Amino acids


Content provider -  ROHIT CHAUDHARY
                                M.Sc Microbiology (Pursuing)

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